According to the studies of the ex-director of the Andalusian UNESCO Miguel Carrascosa, the Iberian-roman city called Ilíberis (the historical origins of Granada) was successively inhabited by Turduli or Turtuli, Iberians, Romans, Hispanic, Roman-Hispanic, Visigoths, etc. This occurred during the thirteen centuries before the conquest of Al-Andalus by Muslims.
The head of the Association AguaGranada, Esteban de las Heras, thought about the origins of the Albayzín and the city. He was looking outside the balcony of the Carmen del Aljibe del Rey, a historical house with one of the most important Moresque cisterns located in the square called Plaza del Cristo de las Azucenas. In this area, something similar to a Roman Forum was found. This Moresque cistern dates back to 1050, and for this reason, De las Heras believes that this house belonged to a governor from the ancestry of the Zirid dynasty. Perhaps it all started around the Mirador de San Nicolás, near to the Carmen del Aljibe del Rey. On the other hand, Miguel Carrascosa affirms that the first historical reference of the Albayzín is a pillar from the VIII century BC. For this reason, it is possible to state the Albayzín origins date back almost 3.000 years ago.
Carrascosa is working on a new book about the origins of the Albayzín, of which this is the first paragraph:
“The Albayzín’s legacy does not stem exclusively from the Muslim past of the city (Arab, Syrian, Yemeni, Zirid, Nasrid, Mudejar, etc.) despite its archaeological, cultural, linguistic heritage and monuments of this long period (8th –16th century). These monuments are preserved in the marvellous district of Albayzín: military walls, cisterns and pipework, minarets, baths, cármenes, viewpoints, palaces, typical houses, etc. However, the historical origins of the city of Granada date from the Iberian-roman city called Ilíberis. Before the conquest of Al-Andalus by Muslims, the city was occupied during thirteen centuries by different and antagonist groups of people: Turduli or Turtuli, Iberians, Romans, Hispanic, Roman-Hispanic, Visigoths, etc.” According to the new book of Miguel Carrascosa, the proto-Iberian walls of the Mirador de San Nicolás from the second half of the XII century BC are the most ancient monument of the Albayzín.